Corpora and culturally connotated words
Liubov Iu. Stepanova ‒ Daria A. Shchukina
The article aims to explore some of the possibilities, advantages, and problems of corpus-based analyses of semantic aspects of language in one particular field, namely, the sematic field of natural objects. For this purpose, a methodological procedure was developed, and an exemplary analysis of the semantic field of the word ‘kamen’ (stone) in Russian was performed. The theoretical and methodological procedure is based on the semantic field theory and the lexical approach proposed by Kövecses. As the material of the study, Pavel Bazhov’s narrations – skazy - were used. Bazhov’s skazy are a striking case of the Ural folklore, the national perception of natural objects, their metaphorical rethinking, and enrichment of their semantic fields with additional semantic meanings. The results of the study show that the corpora-based approach to the analysis of culturally connotated designation of natural objects offers several advantages.
Key words: culturally connotated words, stone, semantic field, the structure of the semantic field, lexical approach, corpus methodology