Lexical aspect in language and culture communication
Indira Baissydyk – Kuralay Kuderinova – Rozalinda Shakhanova – Gulnara Rizakhojayeva – Zhanar Zhyltyrova
This study is devoted to the study of the vocabulary of the English language of business communication. The role of vocabulary in natural semasiological systems has been repeatedly emphasized by leading scientists of domestic and foreign linguistics. To date, linguistics and, more broadly, philology has accumulated a wealth of experience in describing and systematizing the vocabulary of natural human languages.
The most significant directions in the study of vocabulary include the following: separateness and integrity of the word, meaning and usage, philological foundations of lexical semantics and dynamics of relationships between different types of lexical meanings of the word, dialectics of lexicology and lexicography, synchrony and diachrony, scientific development of comparative semasiology and etymology, consistent differentiation of mono and polylex units, the doctrine of the phrase and justification of various types of idiomatic phraseology, identification of subsystems in the lexical domain of the language (homonymy, synonymy, antonymy, paronymy).
This article examines authentic examples of modern English-language business discourse and describes some of the processes occurring in the vocabulary of business English: the emergence of new polylexemic business terms created by analogy with terminological units that have become widespread; the emergence of consubstantial terms as an indicator of the interaction of different lexical strata in the vocabulary of the English language of business communication, the development of phrasal verbs with terminating values.
Key words: English is the language of business communication, the vocabulary of business English, key business terminology, common language words, consubstantial term, phrasal verbs